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In 2000, the UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325) established the global agenda for mainstreaming gender in peace and security -the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda. UNSCR 1325 has been followed by nine additional resolutions. These resolutions outline UN and state obligations related to the needs and priorities of women and girls affected by conflict as well as to ensure that peace is brokered in an inclusive and sustainable manner. In March 2021, The State of Palestine endorsed the second National Action Plan (PALNAP). The PALNAP identifies the priorities for the implementation of UNSCR 1325 in Palestine and is based on four pillars: 1) protection and prevention; 2) accountability; 3) participation; and 4) relief and recovery. UN Women organized an Open Day/High Level Dialogue on Women, Peace and Security (WPS) from 19 to 20 October 2021 in Gaza City.
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This case study is part of a series of case studies prepared to showcase the inspiring work in the field of Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment by the Women Empowerment Principles (WEPs) corporate signatories in Palestine to contribute to the knowledge sharing platform of good practices that can be useful for private sector companies working towards gender equality and women’s empowerment and the implementation of WEPs. This case study showcases how a Palestinian bank created a programme to achieve gender equality and women’s empowerment, which falls under Principle 5 “Enterprise development, supply chain and marketing practices”.
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On 13 April 2021, the beginning of the fasting month of Ramadan, unrest began in East Jerusalem after the Israeli authorities installed metal barriers outside the Damascus Gate, blocking access to a public area for Palestinians. Although relative calm was restored with the removal of the metal obstacles on 25 April, tensions were also heightened by the Israeli authorities’ imminent eviction of four extended Palestinian refugee families from their homes in the Sheikh Jarrah neighbourhood, located in occupied East Jerusalem. The United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) has stated that the evictions, if ordered and implemented, would violate Israel’s obligations under international law. Palestinians held daily protests in Sheikh Jarrah in support of the families, triggering confrontations with Israeli settlers and Israeli security forces. Between 7 and 10 May, widespread clashes erupted across East Jerusalem, particularly around the Al Aqsa Mosque and the Damascus Gate.
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The COVID-19 pandemic exacerbated the socio-economic crisis in State of Palestine in which women have suffered more than men in almost all aspects of their labour-market participation and wellbeing. More than one in every two critical workers in health and education is a woman. In these sectors, increased working hours to fight the spread of the virus revealed one line of pandemic burden that fell disproportionately on women.
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When on 15 January 2021 Palestinian legislative elections were announced, the new year started out on a note of tentative hope. Palestinian women and youth who have had little to no opportunities in their lifetime to cast votes or run for office could not help but get energized. Just a few months later, by late May 2021, any optimism about the new year was gone. By this point, not only had elections been postponed indefinitely, but 256 people (23 girls, 43 boys, 40 women and 150 men) had been killed during the Israeli bombing of Gaza and dozens of families in Sheik Jarrah, Silwan and elsewhere continued to be at risk of imminent eviction from their homes.
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In April 2021, young Palestinian activist and journalist Muna el-Kurd caught the global attention when she started an international movement with the launch of the hashtag #SaveSheikhJarrah and tirelessly mobilized online support for families facing eviction from their homes in East Jerusalem. She addressed mainstream media and appeared in front of the UN Human Rights Commission. Other women as well took active part in Sheikh Jarrah’s residents’ meetings, attended hearing sessions at the Israeli courts, organized to keep a street presence in the neighbourhood and provided refreshments for solidarity activists. Meanwhile, Palestinian women journalists were at the frontline reporting the events, with reports of some of them enduring physical assault and arrest as a consequence.
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The COVID-19 pandemic exacerbated the socio-economic crisis in State of Palestine in which women have suffered more than men in almost all aspects of their labour-market participation and wellbeing. Women more persistently lost jobs than men, particularly in the personal services, accommodation, and trade sectors.
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The May 2021 escalation of hostilities in Gaza and the COVID-19 pandemic have reinforced pressures facing women, girls, boys and men in the OPT. Women and girls are already disproportionately impacted by gender norms and pre-existing inequalities.This Gender Alert, produced thanks to funding from the Government of Norway, tackles such inequalities.
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Gender-Sensitive Resilience Capacity Index: Gender-Responsive Management and Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Arab States Region: From Emergency Response to Recovery and Resilience - Palestine
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The Guidance Note, produced through funding by the Government of Japan, includes practical tools and detailed recommendations to help stakeholders roll out high quality and gender-responsive CVA interventions.
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Past Gaza wars provide valuable lessons on gender specific needs and vulnerabilities which should guide the humanitarian response to the current crisis in Gaza, according to a new analysis by UN Women.
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Clinical Management of Rape in the State of Palestine in the Framework of COVID-19
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There is no doubt that the impacts of natural disasters, armed conflicts, climate change, poverty, hunger and/or pandemics are differentiated by gender, age and different social circumstances that shape people’s vulnerability, resilience and coping mechanisms. Pregnant and lactating women have special needs linked to their nutritional status and the pregnancy and delivery outcomes. This policy brief produced through funding by the Government of Japan and the Strategic Partnership...
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On 5 April 2021, with support from UN Women and the Government of Norway, Palestine adopted the second generation of the National Action Plan to implement the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325, consolidating its gender equality gains.
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These factsheets were produced as part of the Action Plan of the General Union of Palestinian Women (GUPW) and the National Women's Coalition for the implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in Palestine. The factsheets were based on a national report on violence against women and girls during the COVID-19 pandemic prepared by the GUPW and the CEDAW Coalition with support from UN Women.
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Women play an outsized role in the care economy in the Arab States, performing 4.7 times more unpaid care work than men – the highest female– to–male ratio anywhere in the world.
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This report assesses the gendered impact of the Great March of Return in the Gaza Strip, with a particular focus on the direct and indirect impact on women and girls and their access to services. The report focuses on the types and impacts of victimization, gender roles and responsibilities, resources, participation and power, capacities and vulnerabilities, and assistance and services. It also provides a set of recommendations for humanitarian actors, governmental institutions, non-governmental organizations and international actors.
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Through six case studies from Gaza, this report illustrates the imperative of integrating gender into the understanding of the impact of the humanitarian situation on Palestinians in Gaza and in providing aid that is responsive to their distinct gendered circumstances and needs.
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The Gender Alert: Needs of Women, Girls, Boys and Men in Humanitarian Action in Palestine (2020) is developed to inform the 2021 Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) and Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) . The Gender Alert provides robust multisectoral analysis with a focus on gender specific vulnerabilities. For the first time, the structure of the Gender Alert mirrors the structure of the HNO, in that it is divided into three sections, by consequences of the crisis, also called critical problems. Each section includes a thorough multisectoral analysis of vulnerable groups, which are the same identified vulnerable groups of the HNO.