Peace, security and humanitarian response
Photo: UN Women
In the oPt, the humanitarian context remains largely tied to the impact of the occupation, which marked its 52nd year in 2019. A protracted protection crisis with grave humanitarian consequences continues and as a result, roughly 2.5 million people will need some form of humanitarian assistance in 2019.
The humanitarian crisis affects women, girls, boys and men differently. As a result, their needs and interests differ, as do their resources, capacities and coping strategies. Women are often the first responders to a crisis, and they play a central role in the survival and resilience of families and communities.
Responding to those needs relies on the continued efforts by humanitarian partners to ensure the protection of all members of the affected population and to guarantee that humanitarian response contributes to gender equality and addresses the needs and priorities of women, men, girls, and boys equitably and effectively.
The UN Economic and Social Council adopted resolutions E/RES/2012/3, E/RES/2013/6 and E/RES/2014/2 in 2012, 2013 and 2014. All three resolutions, recognize that humanitarian action can be strengthened by mainstreaming a gender perspective into all aspects of the humanitarian response. In 2014, resolution E/RES/2014/13 was adopted. It stresses on strengthening the coordination of emergency humanitarian assistance of the United Nations.
UN Women is committed to ensuring equality between women and men as partners and beneficiaries of humanitarian action. Our work in humanitarian action is guided by global norms and standards. Since 2013, collaboration between UN Women and OCHA has facilitated a process for strengthening gender focus in humanitarian action in the oPt. The collaboration between UN Women and OCHA was solidified in 2015 with the formulation of the first two-year joint action plan for mainstreaming gender in humanitarian action in the oPt. The plan was followed by another joint action plan “Strengthened Gender Focus in Humanitarian Action” (2018-2020). While efforts are ongoing to implement the plan, UN Women is also implementing different humanitarian interventions in the West bank and Gaza to support women’s protection from gender-based violence (GBV) and access to quality multi-sectoral services.